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Translation



Transcripition
  • RNA polymerase binds to DNA.
  • RNA polymerase transcribes a single strand of DNA into a single stranded RNA polymer called messenger RNA (mRNA).
  • RNA polymerase releases the mRNA polymer and detaches from the DNA.
Translation
A step in protein biosynthesis wherein the genetic code carried by mRNA is decoded to produce the specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. The process follows transcription in which the DNA sequence is copied (or transcribed) into an mRNA.
Animation: http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/olcweb/cgi/pluginpop.cgi?it=swf::535::535::/sites/dl/free/0072437316/120077/micro06.swf::Protein SynthesisWeblinks:1. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/dna/transcribe/2. http://www-class.unl.edu/biochem/gp2/m_biology/animation/gene/gene_a1.html3. http://blue.utb.edu/biology/Oliva/notes_transcription_and_translation.htm
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